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The city of Libourne has another connection with England, it was named Sir Roger de Leybourne from England. Emilion was a much smaller appellation in its formative years. This is divided into Grand Cru classified vineyards, which occupy 3,739 hectares and 1,826 hectares of non classified terroir. While there are a few large estates in the appellation, the average vineyard is about 7 hectares in size. Emilion belongs to Chateau Laroque, which is 61 hectares. In total, close to 2.4 million cases of wine are produced in Saint Emilion each year! To get a picture of the limestone terroir, you can visit several of the deep, underground caves that connect some of the chateaux like Beau-Sejour Becot, Canon and Clos Fourtet.

Saint Emilion consists of 9 communes or parishes: Saint Emilion, Saint-Christophe des Bardes, Saint-Etienne de Lisse, Saint-Hippolyte, Saint-Laurent des Combes, Saint-Pey d’Armens, Saint-Sulpice de Faleyrens, Vignonet and a portion of Libourne. The title for the smallest classified growth in St. Other top estates from the Cotes are: Angelus, Ausone, Beausejour Duffau, Larcis Ducasse, Pavie, Pavie Macquin and Troplong Mondot.

Limestone is rich in calcium, an important vine nutrient.

With time, limestone degrades and develops into clay soil.

They are further east in the cooler, clay rich terroir of St. In the best terroir, most of which is located on the plateau, you have soils with limestone, clay, gravel, sand and iron deposits.