Because divorce was considered to be against the public interest, civil courts refused to grant a divorce if evidence revealed any hint of complicity between the husband and wife to divorce, or if they attempted to manufacture grounds for a divorce. In populous New York State, where adultery was the easiest grounds for divorce, attorneys would provide a package consisting of a prostitute and a photographer, with whose product divorce could be obtained. In 1975, 71.4% of the cases were filed by women, and in 1988, 65% were filed by women.Divorce was granted only because one party to the marriage had violated a sacred vow to the "innocent spouse." If both husband and wife were guilty, "neither would be allowed to escape the bonds of marriage." A number of strategems were devised to make divorce easier to obtain. the emergence of second wave feminism, the use of collusive or deceptive practices to bypass the fault system had become a widespread concern, if not actually a widespread practice, and there was widespread agreement that something had to change. Lenore Weitzman's 1985 book, The Divorce Revolution, reported a one-year post-divorce decline in standard of living for women of 73% compared with a 42% one-year post-divorce increase in standard of living for men.Divorce or "dissolution of marriage" is a legal process in which a judge or other authority dissolves the bonds of matrimony existing between two persons, thus restoring them to the status of being single and permitting them to marry other individuals.
A couple with a multi-racial member was the second most common couple, followed by the pairing of one Asian person and a white partner, with couples featuring a black partner and a white partner coming in fourth.
Like marriage, divorce in the United States is under the jurisdiction of state governments, not the federal government.
In states lacking such provisions, some couples sign contracts undertaking the same obligations.
A summary (or simple) divorce, available in some jurisdictions, is used when spouses meet certain eligibility requirements, or can agree on key issues beforehand.
For example, in order to qualify for summary divorce in California, a couple must meet all of the following requirements: there are two basic approaches to divorce: fault-based and no-fault.